Section 1: Student Elections Board.

  1. All SGA elections shall be overseen by the Student Elections Board.
  2. Composition. The Student Elections Board shall be composed of
    1. Four undergraduate students;
    2. Two graduate or law school students;
    3. One voting faculty member;
    4. One non-voting staff member.
  3. Selections. Student Elections Board members shall serve terms of at least one year and shall be selected as follows:
    1. The Vice President for Student Affairs within the administration of The University of Alabama shall select five of the student members, the voting faculty member, and the non-voting staff member on the Student Elections Board.
    2. The SGA President shall select one of the undergraduate student members of the Student Elections Board.
    3. The Student Elections Board will select a chair from within its membership.
  4. Jurisdiction. The Student Elections Board shall regulate SGA elections and campaigns. All rules and regulations of the Student Elections Board shall reside in the Elections Manual, which shall be pursuant to only this Constitution. The Student Elections Board shall hear election and campaign violation cases and issue decisions.
    1. The Student Elections Board shall issue decisions in accordance with this Constitution and any rules or regulations created by the Student Elections Board that reside in the Student Elections Board Elections Manual.
    2. The Senate, the Executive Council, or both bodies shall have the power to review the rules and regulations of the Student Elections Board and may request an opinion from the Attorney General on the constitutionality of those rules and regulations.
    3. Rulings and regulations of the Student Elections Board may be appealed to the Judicial Board by any student at The University of Alabama. If the Judicial Board finds rulings or regulations of the Student Elections Board not in accordance with provisions of this Constitution or the Elections Manual, then the Judicial Board shall declare such rulings or regulations unconstitutional.
    4. A ruling or regulation of the Student Elections Board that has been ruled unconstitutional by the Judicial Board shall be revised so that the ruling or regulation is in accordance with this Constitution.
    5. The Student Elections Board shall forward hearings of election and campaign violations that have issues pertaining to the Code of Student Code of Conduct at The University of Alabama to the Judicial Board.

Section 2: Voting.

  1. Any student currently enrolled at The University of Alabama may vote in SGA elections.
  2. Students may cast one vote for the Senate in their primary college of enrollment. Students may vote once for each elected executive office.
  3. All SGA elections shall be conducted by secret ballot.
  4. Write-in votes shall be permitted in any SGA election.
  5. Absentee ballots shall not be permitted in any SGA election.
  6. Candidates for any executive shall be elected by a majority of votes cast.
    1. A majority of votes cast is equal to fifty percent of the votes cast plus one additional vote.
    2. In the event that candidates for any executive office fail to receive a majority of votes cast, then a run-off election shall be conducted preferably one week later, but no later than twenty full class days after the election, for the two candidates that receive the largest percentage of votes cast.
  7. Candidates for Senate in each school or college shall be ranked in order of votes received from highest to lowest.
    1. Based upon this ranking, candidates for Senate receiving the most votes shall be elected to represent their school or college.
    2. The number chosen shall be equal to the apportioned senate seats for each school or college as defined in Article III, Section 2 of this Constitution.
    3. In the event of a tie in the number of votes received by candidates for Senate seats that results in a school or college surpassing the apportioned seats for that school or college, a tie will be broken by a run-off election that shall be on a date determined by the Student Elections Board.
  8. Any student wishing to contest the results of a SGA election shall file a petition in writing with the Executive Secretary of the SGA within three full class days after the elections results are available.
    1. The Executive Secretary must notify the Student Judicial Board and the Student Elections Board within two full class days that a petition contesting the results of an SGA election has been filed.
    2. The hearing must be conducted by the Student Elections Board and appeals should be made in writing to the Student Judicial Board.
    3. The following shall be grounds for contesting election results:
      1. Misconduct, fraud, or irregularity by any election official sufficient to change or place in doubt the result of a SGA election;
      2. Ineligibility of any person elected to the office in dispute;
      3. Receipt of illegal votes or rejection of legal votes in an amount sufficient to change or place in doubt the result of a SGA election;
      4. An error in the counting of votes or in the declaration of the result of an election sufficient to change or place in doubt the result of a SGA election;
      5. Any other cause sufficient to change or place in doubt the result of a SGA election.

Section 3: Candidates

  1. Candidates for elected SGA office shall be full-time students at The University of Alabama, meeting established qualifications before the election day.
    1. Legislative branch requirements
      1. Undergraduate candidates for legislative seats must have at least a 2.30 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 12 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
      2. Law School candidates for legislative seats must have at least a 2.50 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 12 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
      3. Graduate student candidates for legislative seats must have at least a 3.00 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 9 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
    2. Executive branch requirements
      1. Undergraduate candidates for Executive Council positions must have at least a 2.30 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 36 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
      2. Law School candidates for Executive Council positions must have at least a 2.50 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 12 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
      3. Graduate student candidates for Executive Council position must have at least a 3.00 GPA on a 4.0 scale (University of Alabama points only) and have earned 9 credit hours from The University of Alabama.
    3. Write-in candidate requirements. Write-in candidates must meet the minimum qualifications set for candidates whose names appear on the ballot. If write-in candidates advertise or otherwise spend money on a campaign, they must also comply with Article IX, Section 3, subsection B submitting weekly financial reports to the Student Elections Board.
  2. All candidates shall maintain records showing the amount and source of campaign contributions as well as the amount and recipient of any expenditure or expenditures.
    1. Candidates shall file a report with the Student Elections Board listing campaign contributions and expenditures once a week, each week, from the date they announce candidacy and ending the morning of the election.
    2. The Student Elections Board shall make the weekly campaign contribution and expenditure form available publicly on the elections website within two day of receiving the weekly campaign contribution and expenditure form.
  3. Students reserve the right to organize themselves into factions.
  4. Each candidate for executive or legislative office shall file a Statement of Candidacy on a date specified by the Student Elections Board in order to have his or her name appear on the election ballot.